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Centrally Sponsored Scheme                                                     

1. Pradhan Mantri Grameen Sadak Yojana (PMGSY):

Rural Road Connectivity is not only a key component of Rural Development by promoting access to economic and social services and thereby generating increased agricultural incomes and productive employment opportunities in India, it is also as a result, a key ingredient in ensuring sustainable poverty reduction. Notwithstanding the efforts made, over the years, at the State and Central levels, through different Programmes, about 40% of the Habitations in the country are still not connected by All-weather roads. It is well known that even where connectivity has been provided, the roads constructed are of such quality (due to poor construction or maintenance) that they cannot always be categorized as All-weather roads.

With a view to redressing the situation, Government has launched the Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana on 25th December 2000 to provide all-weather access to unconnected habitations. The Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) is a 100% Centrally Sponsored Scheme.

The primary objective of the PMGSY is to provide Connectivity, by way of an All-weather Road (with necessary culverts and cross-drainage structures, which is operable throughout the year), to the eligible unconnected Habitations in the rural areas, in such a way that all Unconnected Habitations with a population of 1000 persons and above are covered in three years (2000-2003) and all Unconnected Habitations with a population of 500 persons and above by the end of the Tenth Plan Period (2007). In the district presently 368 habitation needs to be covered by all weather road under this scheme.

For this Scheme, the Financial Outlay and Expenditure are 6855.11 Lakhs & 1123.89 Lakhs for the year 2008-2009 and the Proposed Financial Outlay is 2237.15 lakhs for the year 2009-2010.

2. Integrated child development services (ICDS):
Children are the first call on agenda of human resource development – not only because young children are the most vulnerable, but also because the foundation for life long learning and human development is laid in these crucial early years. It is now globally acknowledged that investment in human resources development is a pre-requisite for economic development of any nation. Early childhood (the first six years) constitutes the most crucial period in life, when the foundations are laid for cognitive, social, emotional, physical/motor development and cumulative life long learning.  Child survival, growth and development, has to be looked at as a holistic approach, as one cannot be achieved without the others. There have to be balanced linkages between education, health and nutrition for proper development of a child.

The Integrated Child Development Services Programme aims at providing services to pre-school children in an integrated manner so as to ensure proper growth and development of children in rural, tribal and slum areas. ICDS is a centrally sponsored scheme.


  1. Lay the foundation for proper psychological development of the child,
  2. Improve nutritional & health status of children 0-6 years,
  3. Reduce incidence of mortality, morbidity, malnutrition and school drop-outs,
  4. Enhance the capability of the mother and family to look after the health, nutritional and development needs of the child,

Achieve effective coordination of policy and implementation among various departments to promote child development.

In this Programme, the Financial Outlay as well as Expenditure are both 1297.65 Lakhs for the year 2008-2009 and Proposed Financial Outlay is 1727 Lakhs for the year 2009-2010.

3. Indira Awas Yojana (IAY)
Housing is one of the basic requirements for human survival. For a normal citizen owning a house provides significant economic and social security and status in society. For a shelter less person, a house brings about a profound social change in his existence, endowing him with an identity, thus integrating him with his immediate social milieu. The genesis of the Indira Awaas Yojana (IAY) can be traced to the programmes of rural employment, which began in the early 1980s. Construction of houses was one of the major activities under the National Rural Employment Programme (NREP), which began in 1980, and the Rural Landless Employment Guarantee Programme (RLEGP), which began in 1983. There was, however, no uniform policy for rural housing in the states. For instance some states permitted only part of the construction cost to be borne from NREP/ RLEGP funds and the balance was to be met by beneficiaries from their savings or loans obtained by them. On the other hand, others permitted the entire expenditure to be borne from NREP/ RLEGP funds. Further, while some states allowed construction of only new dwellings, others permitted renovation of existing houses of beneficiaries. As per announcement made by the Government of India in June 1985, a part of the RLEGP fund was earmarked for the construction of houses for SCs/STs and freed bonded labourers. As a result, Indira Awaas Yojana (lAY) was launched during 1985-86 as a sub-scheme of RLEGP. IAY thereafter continued as a sub-scheme of Jawahar Rozgar Yojana (JRY) since it’s launching in April 1989. 6% of the total JRY funds were allocated for implementation of lAY. From the year 1993-94, the scope of lAY was extended to cover below the poverty line Non Scheduled Castes/ Scheduled Tribes families in the rural areas. Simultaneously, the allocation of funds for implementing the scheme was raised from 6% to 10% of the total resources available under JRY at the national level, subject to the condition that the benefits to Non-Scheduled Castes/ Scheduled Tribes poor should not exceed 4% of the total JRY allocation. IAY was de-linked from JRY and made an independent scheme with effect from 1st January 1996.
The Indira Awaas Yojana (IAY) is a flagship scheme of the Ministry of Rural Development to provide houses to the poor in the rural areas. 

The objective of the Indira Awaas Yojana is primarily to help construction/up-gradation of dwelling units of members of Scheduled Castes/Scheduled Tribes, freed bonded labourers and other below the poverty line non-SC/ST rural house holds by providing them a lump sum financial assistance.

In this Scheme, Financial Outlay and Expenditure are 298.14 Lakhs & 96.62 Lakhs for the year 2008-2009 and the Proposed Financial Outlay is 142.584 Lakhs for the year 2009-2010.
4. Swarnjayanti Gram Swarojgar Yojana (SGSY):

Despite efforts made over the past few decades, rural poverty in India continues to be significant. While the anti-poverty programme have been strengthened in successive years and while in percentage terms, poverty levels have reduced from 56.44 % of India’s population in 1973-74 to 37.27% in 1993-1994 and to 27.1% in 1999- 2000, the number of rural poor has more or less remained static and is estimated to be about 244 million persons. The effect of such a large percentage of poor on the country’s development is not difficult to appreciate. Quite obviously, we need to redress the situation quickly. It is in this context that the self-employment programme assume significance for, they alone can provide income to the rural poor on a sustainable basis. Swarna jayanti Gram swarojgar Yojana has been launched from April 1st 1999.This is a holistic programme covering all aspects of self employment such as organization of the poor in to Self Help Group, training, credit, technology, infrastructure and marketing.

The objective of SHG is to bring the assisted poor families above the poverty line by ensuring appreciable increase in income over a period of time. This objective is to be achieved by inter alia organizing the rural poor in to Self help group through a process of social mobilization, their training and capacity building and provision of income generating assets through a mix of bank credit and government subsidy.

In this Scheme, Financial Outlay and Expenditure are 383.02 Lakhs & 362.91 Lakhs for the year 2008-2009 and the Proposed Financial Outlay is 391.06 Lakhs for the year 2009-2010.

5. National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA):
The National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, 2005 (NREGA) guarantees 100 days of employment in a financial year to any rural household whose adult members are willing to do unskilled manual work. This Act is an important step towards the realization of the right to work. It is also expected to enhance people’s livelihoods on a sustained basis, by developing the economic and social infrastructure in rural areas. The choice of works seeks to address the causes of chronic poverty such as drought, deforestation and soil erosion. Effectively implemented, the employment generated under the Act has the potential of transforming the geography of poverty.

The basic objective of the Act is to enhance livelihood security in rural areas by providing at least 100 days of guaranteed wage employment in a financial year to every household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work. This work guarantee can also serve other objectives: generating productive assets, protecting the environment, empowering rural women, reducing rural urban migration and fostering social equity, among others.

In this Scheme, Financial Outlay and Expenditure are 1482.83 Lakhs & 2333.43 Lakhs for the year 2008-2009 and the Proposed Financial Outlay is 3982.20 lakhs for the year 2009-2010.


6. Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan:

Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) is the flagship programme of Government of India to achieve Universal Elementary Education (UEE) in the country in a mission mode. With an outlay of Rs.980 billion, SSA covers 193 million children, 3.3 million teachers and nearly 1 million schools and alternative schools spread over 1.1 million habitations in 28 States and 7 Union Territories. The largest programme of its kind in the world, SSA is an integrated, comprehensive scheme in partnership with State Governments, Local Self Governments, the community and the civil society.

SSA is an effort to universalize elementary education by community ownership of the school system. It emphasizes on the active involvement of local self-governments and grass root level structures like Village Education Committee, Parent-Teacher Association, and Mother-Teacher Association etc.

Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan aims to provide useful and relevant elementary education for all children in the 6 to 14 age group (grade I to VIII) by 2010. The objectives of SSA are:

  1. All children complete eight years of elementary education by2010,
  2. Focus on elementary education of satisfactory quality with emphasis on education for life,
  3. Bridge all gender and social category gaps at primary stage by 2007 and at elementary   education stage by   2010 and,
  4. Universal retention by 2010,


In this Scheme, Financial Outlay and Expenditure are 1450.93 Lakhs & 1456.33 Lakhs for the year 2008-2009 and Proposed Financial Outlay is 2826.996 lakhs for the year 2009-2010.
7. National Programme for girl Education at elementary Level (NPEGEL):
Government of India is committed to achieving Universalization of Elementary Education by 2010. This entails a special thrust on girls’ education as well as greater rigour in planning, targeting and actual implementing the interventions designed. Statistics reveal that despite the efforts that have been made, gender disparities persist in enrolment of girls, especially in rural areas and among disadvantaged groups. The disparity is more acute in the enrolment of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, especially at upper primary level.
Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan has limited financial provisions for girls’ education in the form of free textbooks and innovations at district levels. Thus, National Programme for Education of Girls at Elementary Level (NPEGEL) has been formulated for providing additional support for education of underprivileged/disadvantaged girls at elementary level. NPEGEL is a part of SSA and will be implemented under its umbrella but as a distinct and separate gender component plan of SSA.
 In this Scheme, Financial Outlay and Expenditure are 90.77 Lakhs & 94.41 Lakhs for the year 2008-2009 and Proposed Financial Outlay is 84.948 lakhs for the year 2009-2010.
8. Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidhyalaya (KGBV):
The Government of India has approved a new scheme called Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya (KGBV) for setting up upto 750 residential schools with boarding facilities at elementary level for girls belonging predominantly to the SC, ST, OBC and minorities in difficult areas.  The scheme will be coordinated with the existing schemes of Department of Elementary Education & Literacy viz. Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA), National Programme for Education of Girls at Elementary Level (NPEGEL) and Mahila Samakhya (MS).
Gender disparities still persist in rural areas and among disadvantaged communities. Looking at enrolment trends, there remain significant gaps in the enrolment of girls at the elementary level as compared to boys, especially at the upper primary levels.  The objective of KGBV is to ensure access and quality education to the girls of disadvantaged groups of society by setting up residential schools with boarding facilities at elementary level.
In this Scheme, Financial Outlay and Expenditure are 133.14 Lakhs & 80.02 Lakhs for the year 2008-2009 and Proposed Financial Outlay is 126.24 lakhs for the year 2009-2010.
9.  National Rural Health Mission (NRHM):

Recognizing the importance of Health in the process of economic and social development and improving the quality of life of our citizens, the Government of India has resolved to launch the National Rural Health Mission to carry out necessary architectural correction in the basic health care delivery system. The Mission adopts a synergistic approach by relating health to determinants of good health viz. segments of nutrition, sanitation, hygiene and safe drinking water. It also aims at mainstreaming the Indian systems of medicine to facilitate health care. The Plan of Action includes increasing public expenditure on health, reducing regional imbalance in health infrastructure, pooling resources, integration of organizational structures, optimization of health manpower, decentralization and district management of health programmes, community participation and ownership of assets, induction of management and financial personnel into district health system, and operationalizing community health centers into functional hospitals meeting Indian Public Health Standards in each Block of the Country.


  1. Reduction in Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) and Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR),
  2. Universal access to public health services such as Women’s health, child health, Water, sanitation &
  3. Hygiene, immunization, and Nutrition,
  4. Prevention and control of communicable and non-communicable diseases, including locally endemic
  5. Diseases,
  6. Access to integrated comprehensive primary healthcare,
  7. Population stabilization, gender and demographic balance,
  8. Revitalize local health traditions and mainstream AYUSH,
  9. Promotion of healthy life styles.

In this Scheme, Financial Outlay and Expenditure are 577.12 Lakhs & 360.78 Lakhs for the year 2008-2009 and Proposed Financial Outlay is 760.04 lakhs for the year 2009-2010

10. RGGVY:
 Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana (RGGVY) was launched in April-05 by merging all ongoing schemes. Under the programme 90% grant is provided by Govt. of India and 10% as loan by REC to the State Governments. REC is the nodal agency for the programme.

  1. Rural Electricity Distribution Backbone (REDB) with 33/11 KV (or 66/11 KV) sub-station of        adequate capacity in blocks where these do not exist,
  2. Village Electrification Infrastructure (VEI) with provision of distribution transformer of appropriate capacity in villages/habitations,
  3. Decentralized Distributed Generation (DDG) Systems based on conventional & non- conventional energy sources where grid supply is not feasible or cost-effective.

 In this Scheme, Proposed Financial Outlay is 5273.17 lakhs for the year 2009-2010.
11. TSC (Total Sanitation Campaign):
Total Sanitation Campaign is a comprehensive programme to ensure sanitation facilities in rural areas with broader goal to eradicate the practice of open defecation. TSC as a part of reform principles was initiated in 1999 when Central Rural Sanitation Programme was restructured making it demand driven and people centered. It follows a principle of “low to no subsidy” where a nominal subsidy in the form of incentive is given to rural poor households for construction of toilets. TSC gives strong emphasis on Information, Education and Communication (IEC), Capacity Building and Hygiene Education for effective behavior change with involvement of PRIs, CBOs, and NGOs etc. The key intervention areas are Individual household latrines (IHHL), School Sanitation and Hygiene Education (SSHE), Community Sanitary Complex, Anganwadi toilets supported by Rural Sanitary Marts (RSMs) and Production Centers (PCs).


The main goal of the GOI is to eradicate the practice of open defecation by 2010. To give fillip to this endeavor, GOI has launched Nirmal Gram Puraskar to recognize the efforts in terms of cash awards for fully covered PRIs and those individuals and institutions who have contributed significantly in ensuring full sanitation coverage in their area of operation. The project is being implemented in rural areas taking district as a unit of implementation.
In this Scheme, Financial Outlay and Expenditure are 76.54Lakhs & 76.54 Lakhs for the year 2008-2009 and Proposed Financial Outlay is 84.194 lakhs for the year 2009-2010.Five year Perspective Financial Outlay is 513.1124 Lakhs from the year 2009-10 to 2013-2014.
12. Swajaldhara:
 Reforms in rural drinking water supply sector include community participation launched in1999 in the form of sector Reforms.

  1. After 3 years when Sector Reforms were initiated, then Hon’ble Prime Minister launched SWAJALDHARA on 25.12.2003.

 Swajaldhara has two streams:

(i) Swajaldhara I – Where Gram panchayats are the lowest implementing agency.
(ii) Swajaldhara II – The District is the unit for implementation.

  1. Demand – Demand driven approach replaces the supply driven approach ensuring public participation.

In this Scheme, Financial Outlay and Expenditure are 459.24 Lakhs & 459.84 7Lakhs for the year 2008-2009 and Proposed Financial Outlay is 505.164 lakhs for the year 2009-2010.Five year Perspective Financial Outlay is 425.896 Lakhs from the year 2009-10 to 2013-2014.
13. National Food Security Mission:
The growth in food grain production has stagnated during recent past while the consumption need of the growing population is increasing.
 To meet the growing food grain demand, National Development Council in its 53rd meeting adopted a resolution to enhance the production of rice, wheat and pulses by 10, 8 and 2 million tons respectively by 2011.
The proposed Centrally Sponsored Scheme ‘National Food Security Mission (NFSM) is to operationalize the resolution of NDC and enhance the production of rice, wheat and pulses.


  1. Increasing production of rice, wheat and pulses through area expansion and productivity enhancement in a sustainable manner;
  2. Restoring soil fertility and productivity at individual farm level;
  3. Enhancing farm level economy (i.e. farm profits) to restore confidence of farmers of targeted districts.

In this Scheme, Financial Outlay and Expenditure are 144.76. Lakhs & 142.87Lakhs for the year 2008-2009 and Proposed Financial Outlay are 129.6 lakhs for the year 2009-2010.

14. Agricultural Technology Management Agency (ATMA):

The ATMA at district level would be increasingly responsible for all the technology dissemination activities at the district level. It would have linkage with all the line departments, research organizations, non-governmental organizations and agencies associated with agricultural development in the district. Research and Extension units within the project districts such as ZRS or substations, KVKs and the key line Departments of Agriculture, Animal Husbandry, Horticulture and Fisheries etc. would become constituent members of ATMA. Each Research-Extension (R-E) unit would retain its institutional identity and affiliation but programmes and procedures concerning district-wise R-E activities would be determined by ATMA Governing Board to be implemented by its Management Committee (MC).


  1. To identify location specific needs of farming community for farming system based agricultural   Development;
  2. To set up priorities for sustainable agricultural development with a Farming Systems Approach;
  3. To draw plans for production based system activities to be undertaken by farmers/ultimate users;
  4. To execute plans through line departments, training institutions, NGOs, farmers organizations and allied institutions;
  5. To coordinate efforts being made by various line departments, NGOs, farmers organizations and Allied institutions to strengthen research extension-farmers linkages in the district and to promote collaboration and coordination between various State funded technical departments

In this Scheme, Financial Outlay and Expenditure are 30.30 Lakhs & 18.85 Lakhs for the year 2008-2009 and Proposed Financial Outlay is 29.41 lakhs for the year 2009-2010.

15. National Horticultural Mission (NHM):

National Horticulture Mission is a centrally sponsored scheme in which Government of India provide 100% assistance to the state mission during the year 2005-06 (Tenth Plan) During XI plan, the assistance from Government of India will be 85% with 15% contribution by the State Government.

To develop horticulture to the maximum potential available in the State and to augment production of all horticultural products (Fruits, Vegetables, Flowers, Plantation crops, Spices, Medicinal Aromatic plants) in the state.

  1. To provide holistic growth of the horticulture sector through an area based regionally differentiated   strategies,
  2. To enhance horticulture production, improve nutritional security and income support to farm households;
  3. To establish convergence and synergy among multiple on-going and planned programmes for horticulture development;
  4. To promote, develop and disseminate technologies, through a seamless blend of traditional wisdom and modern scientific knowledge;
  5. To create opportunities for employment generation for skilled and unskilled persons, especially unemployed youth

In this Scheme, Financial Outlay and Expenditure are 188.29 Lakhs & 70.81 Lakhs for the year 2008-2009 and Proposed Financial Outlay is 114.40 lakhs for the year 2009-2010.

16. National Bamboo Mission:
The National Bamboo Mission will be a Centrally Sponsored Scheme, in which the contribution of the Central Government will be 100%. The Division of Horticulture under the department of Agriculture and Cooperation in the Ministry of Agriculture, New Delhi, will implement the Scheme.


  1. To promote the growth of the bamboo sector through as an area based regionally differentiated Strategy;
  2. To increase the coverage of area under bamboo in potential areas, with improved varieties to enhance yields;
  3. To promote marketing of bamboo and bamboo based handicrafts;
  4. To establish convergence and synergy among stake-holders for the development of bamboo;
  5. To promote, develop and disseminate technologies through a seamless blend of traditional wisdom and modern scientific knowledge.
  6. To generate employment opportunities for skilled and unskilled persons, especially unemployed Youths

In this Scheme, Financial Outlay and Expenditure are 13.77 Lakhs & 16.54 Lakhs for the year 2008-2009 and Proposed Financial Outlay is 0.24 lakhs for the year 2009-10.


17. National Afforestation Programme:
MoEF was operating four centrally sponsored afforestation schemes during the 9th Plan, i.e. Integrated Afforestation and Eco-development Project Scheme (IAEPS), Area Oriented Fuel wood and Fodder Project Scheme (AOFFPS), Conservation of Non-Timber Forest Produce including Medicinal Plants (NTFPS), and Association of ST and Rural Poor in Regeneration of Degraded Forests (ASTRPS). The Mid-Term Evaluation of the projects under these Schemes recommended a decentralised approach and speedy fund transfer mechanism. Taking cue from these recommendations, a Pilot Scheme, Samnavit Gram Vanikaran Samridhi Yojana (SGVSY) was launched in 2000-01 utilising the delivery mechanism of Forest Development Agency (FDA) and Joint Forest Management Committee (JFMC).   47 Pilot projects launched during 9th Plan were highly successful in terms of achievement of the set objectives.

As per 10th Plan document of Planning Commission relating to the Forests and Environment sector (para 9.1.27), the National Afforestation Programme (NAP) Scheme was initiated by scaling-up the SGVSY project experience and converging all afforestation schemes of the 9th Plan period to avoid duplicity or redundancy, and at the same time keeping in focus the decentralization agenda of the government.   NAP is being operated as a 100% Central Sector Scheme.


The overall objective of the scheme is to develop the forest resources with people’s participation, with focus on improvement in livelihoods of the forest-fringe communities, especially the poor. NAP Scheme aims to support and accelerate the ongoing process of devolving forest protection, management and development functions to decentralized institutions of Joint Forest Management Committee (JFMC) at the village level, and Forest Development Agency (FDA) at the forest division level.

In this Scheme, Financial Outlay and Expenditure are 68.00 & 32.63 Lakhs for the year 2008-2009 and Proposed Financial Outlay is 95.61 lakhs for the year 2009-2010

18 . Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana:

The government has launched Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY) to incentives the States to increase public investment to achieve 4 percent growth rate in agriculture and allied sectors in the 11th Five Year Plan.


  1. To incentivize the states that increases their investment in Agriculture and allied sectors,
  2. To provide flexibility and autonomy to the States in planning and executing programmes for Agriculture,
  3. To ensure the preparation of Agriculture Plans for the districts and states,
  4. To achieve the goal of reducing the yield gaps in important crops,
  5. To maximize returns to the farmers,
  6. To address the agriculture and allied sectors in an integrated manner.

In this Scheme, Financial Outlay and Expenditure are 12.10 Lakhs & 8.18 Lakhs for the year 2008-2009 and Proposed Financial Outlay is 402. 83 lakhs for the year 2009-2010.


19 . Backward Region Grant Fund:

The Backward Regions Grant Fund is designed to redress regional imbalances in development. The fund will provide financial resources for supplementing and converging existing developmental inflows into identified districts.


  1. Bridge critical gaps in local infrastructure and other development requirements that are not being adequately met through existing inflows,
  2. Strengthen, to this end Panchayat and Municipality level governance with more appropriate capacity building, to facilitate participatory planning, decision making, implementation and monitoring, to reflect local felt needs,
  3. Provide professional support to local bodies for planning, implementation and monitoring their plans,
  4. Improve the performance and delivery of critical functions assigned to Panchayats, and counter possible efficiency and equity losses on account of inadequate local capacity

In this Scheme, Financial Outlay and Expenditure are 1307.00 Lakhs &. 474.00 Lakhs for the year 2008-2009 and Proposed Financial Outlay are 1965.5 lakhs for the year 2009-2010.

          A Revised Long Term Action Plan (RLTAP) for the KBK districts was submitted to Government of India on their advice in 1998.  The project was prepared in a sub-plan mode to address the peculiar socio-economic problems of this chronically poor region which is also geographically contiguous.  This project envisages an integrated approach for speeding up the socio-economic development of this region by synergizing effectively the various developmental activities and schemes under implementation both in Central as well as State sectors.  The critical gaps in the development efforts as well as resources are sought to be bridged through Additional Central Assistance (ACA) / Special Central Assistance (SCA) as a special dispensation. 

This year a sum of 1171.65 lakh has been planned for the Socio economic development of poor people of Nuapada.


RLTAP Action Plan






Sl no.




Total Allocation
(in lakh)




Micro watershed

10 nos






Forest development







Committed liabilities







Fresh work







Preparatory work







monitoring & evaluation














NAC khariar, water supply














Welfare of SC & ST







construction of Eklavya high school







Water supply and electricity







additional class rooms







Sc/ST Girls hostel







SC/ST Boys hostel







Infrastructure for high school







Amenities to Tribal hostel




























Social safety







Emergency feeding














Construction of residential Cluster














livelihood programme







Medicinal plantation














Back yard poultry